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What tools are available for monitoring or changing replication?

To monitor or change replication, you must use the Microsoft Management Console (MMC) Active Directory Sites and Services snap-in. This tool lets you view, create, or delete connection objects. Other tools you can use include the Microsoft Windows 2000 Resource Kit’s Repadmin and Replmon tools.

Repadmin is a command-line tool that lets you check replication consistency (e.g., for a Knowledge Consistency Checker—KCC—recalculation). The switch /showreps displays a list of replication partners, as well as reasons for problems. The invocation ID is the database globally unique ID (GUID).

When you use Repadmin with the switch /showreps, you’ll see text such as the following.

D:\>repadmin /showreps
DSA Options : IS_GC
objectGuid : 221d9d34-540e-4a7b-bd26-054c11e2d1ad
invocationID: 221d9d34-540e-4a7b-bd26-054c11e2d1ad

==== INBOUND NEIGHBORS ======================================

London\TITUS via RPC
objectGuid: 2000eb93-cc24-4af7-9ad2-c52129c98c7a
Last attempt @ 1999-12-06 20:32.20 failed, result 8524:
Can't retrieve message string 8524 (0x214c), error 1815.
Last success @ 1999-09-17 20:53.45.
463 consecutive failure(s).
London\TRINITY via RPC
objectGuid: df3694d2-b4e9-4d9a-a560-3e8c26c48a89
Last attempt @ 1999-12-06 20:32.21 failed, result 8524:

The switch /showmeta shows object information, version numbers, and other information. When you use this switch, you’ll see text such as the following.

C:\>repadmin /showmeta cn=garfield,DC=savtech,DC=com

45 entries.

Loc.USN Originating DSA Org.USN Org.Time/Date Ver Attribute
======= ============ ======= =========== === ======
99649 London\MORPHEUS 99649 1999-12-08 09:50.10 1 objectClass
99649 London\MORPHEUS 99649 1999-12-08 09:50.10 1 cn
99650 London\MORPHEUS 99650 1999-12-08 09:50.10 1 description
99649 London\MORPHEUS 99649 1999-12-08 09:50.10 1 givenName
99649 London\MORPHEUS 99649 1999-12-08 09:50.10 1 instanceType

Replmon is a GUI tool you can use to display and monitor replication status on domain controllers (DCs).

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